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UN promotes the ocean’s sustainable development

The 2020 Oceans Conference will focus on achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 14 (SDG 14), through science and innovation.

Oceans cover more than 70% of the surface of our planet and are home to between 50 and 80% of life on the planet. However, only 1% of the ocean surface is protected. That is why the United Nations will dedicate the 2020 UN Ocean Conference to analyze how science and innovation can be levers for the fulfillment of the Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life below water.

Did you know that the oceans participate in global climate regulation? The seas play an important role in regulating the climate on the planet, as they absorb about 30% of the CO2 generated by human activities annually, thus reducing the impact of this greenhouse gas on the climate.

The 2020 Oceans Conference, which shall be held in Lisbon (Portugal) from June 2-6, 2020, will address the strategies that states, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and civil society, among others, must implement to comply with SDG 14, which aims to “conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.”

A key element in the Conference will be how to take advantage of alliances that have proven successful and stimulate new innovative and concrete partnerships to advance the implementation of SDG 14.

The livelihood of more than 3,000 million people depends on marine and coastal biodiversity. However, 30% of the world's fish stocks are overexploited, reaching a level well below that necessary to produce sustainable yield. Hence the importance of conserving these ecosystems to preserve their biodiversity.

In this regard, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has participated in many of the commitments emanating from the Conference, in order to protect marine ecosystems for future generations.

For the successful implementation of SDG 14, IUCN has urged all States to consider nature-based solutions through the protection and restoration of coastal and marine ecosystems as a fundamental contribution to climate change mitigation and adaptation, together with its multiple social, economic and environmental benefits that entails.

Next year's meeting in Lisbon will also allow “to identify possible challenges and obstacles related to the achievement of all the objectives of SDG 14, as well as the opportunities and innovative ways and means to support its implementation”. 

 

Written by: Norberto Méndez

Style and format: Lila García

Translation: Antonieta Parilli

Provita Oct 18, 2019

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